FoR-UNL

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FoR-UNL ('''F'''ramework '''o'''f '''R'''eference for '''UNL''') is a guideline used to describe achievements of natural languages in relation to UNL. It was inspired by the [http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/linguistic/CADRE_EN.asp Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)], and its main goal is to provide a method for assessing the availability and quality of natural language resources inside the [[UNL System]].
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FoR-UNL ('''F'''ramework '''o'''f '''R'''eference for '''UNL''') is a guideline used to describe achievements of natural languages in relation to UNL. It was inspired by the [http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/linguistic/Cadre1_en.asp Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)], and its main goal is to provide a method for assessing the availability and quality of natural language resources inside the [[UNL System]].
  
 
== Reference Levels ==
 
== Reference Levels ==
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{|border="1" align="center" cellpadding="5"
 
{|border="1" align="center" cellpadding="5"
 
!Level
 
!Level
!UNL-NL Dictionary<br />(entries)
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!Dictionary<br />(base forms)
!NL-UNL Dictionary<br />(entries)
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!Grammar
!UNL-NL Grammar<br />(sentences)
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!NL-UNL Grammar<br />(sentences)
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|-
 
|-
 
|align="center"|A1
 
|align="center"|A1
|align="center"|MIR-A1
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|align="center"|5,000
|align="center"|BRUNO-A1
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|align="center"|Morphology: NP
|align="center"|UC-A1
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|align="center"|NC-A1
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|-
 
|-
 
|align="center"|A2
 
|align="center"|A2
|align="center"|MIR-A2
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|align="center"|10,000
|align="center"|BRUNO-A2
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|align="center"|Morphology: others
|align="center"|UC-A2
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|align="center"|NC-A2
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|-
 
|-
 
|align="center"|B1
 
|align="center"|B1
|align="center"|MIR-B1
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|align="center"|20,000
|align="center"|BRUNO-B1
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|align="center"|Syntax: NP
|align="center"|UC-B1
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|align="center"|NC-B1
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|-
 
|-
 
|align="center"|B2
 
|align="center"|B2
|align="center"|MIR-B2
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|align="center"|40,000
|align="center"|BRUNO-B2
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|align="center"|Syntax: VP
|align="center"|UC-B2
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|align="center"|NC-B2
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|-
 
|-
 
|align="center"|C1
 
|align="center"|C1
|align="center"|MIR-C1
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|align="center"|70,000
|align="center"|BRUNO-C1
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|align="center"|Syntax: IP
|align="center"|UC-C1
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|align="center"|NC-C1
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|-
 
|-
 
|align="center"|C2
 
|align="center"|C2
|align="center"|MIR-C2
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|align="center"|100,000
|align="center"|BRUNO-C2
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|align="center"|Syntax: CP
|align="center"|RC-C2
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|align="center"|NC-C2
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|}
 
|}
  
Where:<br />
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== Methodology ==
*[[MIR]] is a project aiming the development of UNL-NL Dictionaries
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In order to achieve the results above, each language must observe the following procedures<ref>This flow is not observed in some special cases, such as Latin, for instance</ref>. Each level is a prerequisite for the next (A2 is not open before A1 is finished, and so on):
*[[BRUNO]] is a project aiming the development of NL-UNL Dictionaries
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*Dictionary flow (dictionary projects):
*[[UC]] is the UNL Reference Corpus
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**A1: [[MIR|MIR-A1]] > [[NADIA|NADIA-A1]] > [[BRUNO|BRUNO-A1]]
*[[NC]] is the NL Reference Corpus
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**A2: [[MIR|MIR-A2]] > [[NADIA|NADIA-A2]] > [[BRUNO|BRUNO-A2]]
 
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**B1: [[MIR|MIR-B1]] > [[NADIA|NADIA-B1]] > [[BRUNO|BRUNO-B1]]
== Assessment ==
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**B2: [[MIR|MIR-B2]] > [[NADIA|NADIA-B2]] > [[BRUNO|BRUNO-B2]]
*MIR: A subproject is considered completed when all its entries are either valid or reported as underspecified or overspecified. A dictionary entry is considered valid in MIR if created and verified both in the UNL-NL Dictionary and in the NL Dictionary.
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**C1: [[MIR|MIR-C1]] > [[NADIA|NADIA-C1]] > [[BRUNO|BRUNO-C1]]
*BRUNO: A subproject is considered completed when all its entries are valid. A dictionary entry is considered valid in BRUNO if created and verified in the NL Dictionary
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**C2: [[MIR|MIR-C2]] > [[NADIA|NADIA-C2]] > [[BRUNO|BRUNO-C2]]
*UC: A grammar is consider valid if its [[F-measure]] for the UNL Reference Corpus is equal or higher than 0.8.
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*Grammar flow (corpus projects):
*NC: A grammar is consider valid if its [[F-measure]] for the NL Reference Corpus is equal or higher than 0.8.
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**A1: [[UGO|UGO-A1]] > [[CORNELIA|CORNELIA-A1]]
 +
**A2: [[UGO|UGO-A2]] > [[CORNELIA|CORNELIA-A2]]
 +
**B1: [[UGO|UGO-B1]] > [[CORNELIA|CORNELIA-B1]]
 +
**B2: [[UGO|UGO-B2]] > [[CORNELIA|CORNELIA-B2]]
 +
**C1: [[UGO|UGO-C1]] > [[CORNELIA|CORNELIA-C1]]
 +
**C2: [[UGO|UGO-C2]] > [[CORNELIA|CORNELIA-C2]]

Latest revision as of 15:49, 20 February 2014

FoR-UNL (Framework of Reference for UNL) is a guideline used to describe achievements of natural languages in relation to UNL. It was inspired by the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), and its main goal is to provide a method for assessing the availability and quality of natural language resources inside the UNL System.

Reference Levels

The FoR-UNL classifies languages in three broad divisions which can be divided into six levels, according to the recall and precision of the corresponding resources:

  • A - Basic Level
    • A1 - Breakthrough or beginner
    • A2 - Waystage or elementary
  • B - Intermediate Level
    • B1 - Threshold or intermediate
    • B2 - Vantage or upper intermediate
  • C - Advanced Level
    • C1 - Effective Operational
    • C2 - Mastery

Descriptors

The descriptors below inform what is required for a language to be classified in each level:

Level Dictionary
(base forms)
Grammar
A1 5,000 Morphology: NP
A2 10,000 Morphology: others
B1 20,000 Syntax: NP
B2 40,000 Syntax: VP
C1 70,000 Syntax: IP
C2 100,000 Syntax: CP

Methodology

In order to achieve the results above, each language must observe the following procedures[1]. Each level is a prerequisite for the next (A2 is not open before A1 is finished, and so on):

Software