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To be represented by attributes, if determiners, or by UWs, if pronouns (independent demonstratives). In this latter case, they should be replaced by their antecedents, whenever possible.

Demonstrative Attributes

near to the speaker
this book = book.@proximal (en)
ce livre-ci = livre.@proximal (fr)
esta manzana = manzana.@proximal (es)
near to the addressee
esa manzana = manzana.@medial (es)
far from the speaker (and from the addressee)
that book = book.@distal (en)
ce livre-là = livre.@distal (fr)
aquella manzana = manzana.@distal (es)

Demonstrative UWs

To be avoided. See Demonstrative Pronouns.