Case is a grammatical category that indicates the grammatical function of a word (such as the role of subject, of direct object, or of possessor) in a phrase or clause. As a syntactic rather than semantic notion, case marking is not directly represented in UNL, but only in the UNL-NL grammars.
In the UNLarium, case must be informed only to the forms (such as English personal pronouns) still holding an inflectional case system.
The values for the case attribute are the following:
- nominative (NOM): I ("I saw him")
- genitive (GNT): my ("my house")
- oblique (OBL): me ("He saw me")
- nominative (NOM): nauta ("nauta ibi stat" = the sailor is standing here)
- genitive (GNT): nautae ("nomen nautae est Claudius" = the sailor's name is Claudius)
- dative (DAT): nautae ("nautae donum dedi" = I gave a present to the sailor)
- accusative (ACC): nautam ("nautam vidi" = I saw the sailor)
- ablative (ABL): nautā ("sum altior nautā" = I am taller than the sailor)